Thursday, 4 July 2013

Madingley Hall 1: The House

000 mad north facade from afar 1590s rebuilt 1909-10

On a sultry June morning, I made my way to Madingley Hall, little expecting how entranced I would be and how many hours I would end up spending there.

001 mad ball east facade 1543-7 Tudor
Madingley House, east façade, 1543-47 (Tudor)

I couldn't believe that I've lived in Cambridge these past 22 years and never set foot in Madingley House and Gardens...  It is an extraordinary place.

Indoors, in the hallway, I encountered this portrait of the man who built and owned Madingley House:  Sir Francis Hynde.  It was painted in 1591 by the little-known Flemish painter Hieronymus Custodis.

Look at the stern expression, the amazing hipster moustache, and the gorgeous ruff collar.  You have to have a stiff spine to cope with such neck-enveloping fashion.

002 mad sir francis hynde 1591 by hieronymus custodis stair hall
Hieronymus Custodis, Sir Francis Hynde, 1591, Madingley House, Cambridge

Apparently, these starched ruffs went out of fashion by the mid- to late 16th century, except in the Netherlands.  So perhaps Sir Francis was a little old-fashioned?  a little provincial?  or just plain vain?  (What better to hide your ageing throat than an expanse of folded fabric?)

003 mad fhynde face

Sir Francis holds a money pouch.  Note: he was rich.

004 mad fhynde hand

Here is his wife, Lady Jane Hynde (née Verney).  She wears a medallioned necklace over her ruff.

005 mad lady jane hynde nee verney1591 by hieronymus custodis stair hall

In her hand, she holds a bible.

006 mad lady hynde hand

Just across the hall hangs another portrait.  Compare this other hand holding a bible.

008 mad cleric hand

This 20th-century hand is painted with sketchier brushstrokes, applied with a thicker brush than Lady Hynde's hand.  The bible is foreshortened (and is it even a bible?  it's rather thin...), the page marked by a finger.  No gold clasps decorate its cover (as with Lady Hynde's volume).

This hand belongs to the Reverend Dr Somerset Cranage, the first secretary to the Board of Extra-Mural Studies (University of Cambridge) in 1924.  His stiff white collar is a pale echo of the ruff.

007 mad revd dr somerset cranage 1st secr board extra-mural studies 1924

On we walk, into the Board Room.  Here we discover Louise de la Queroaille, the Duchess of Portsmouth, smiling at us from above a curlicue mantelpiece.  She couldn't be more different from Lady Hynde:

no ruff but a low neckline, a naughtily bared breast, flowing locks, and a dove instead of a bible.

025 mad Duchess of Portsmouth  Louise de la Queroaille mistress Charles II 1673 attrib Henri Gascars Board Rm
Louise de la Queroaille, Duchess of Portsmouth, 1673, attributed to Henri Gascars 

The Duchess was the mistress of King Charles II so no wonder she could take liberties.  Was she maybe also the mistress of the painter?

Instead of the sombre black background, hallmark of 16th-century portraiture, we see embroidered drapery, seemingly suspended from nowhere, and a lush garden in the distance.  Both the drapes and the landscape were common in 17th- and 18th-century portraiture (and continue into Victorian times, as shown by this portrait in the Fitzwilliam).

026 mad Duchess of Portsmouth detail Louise de la Queroaille mistress Charles II 1673 attrib Henri Gascars Board Rm

In the Dining Room, we find some more aristocracy:  Lady Anne Cotton (née Houghton) and her son, painted (I would think) sometime in the early 17th century.  She's from a branch of the Hynde family.

009 mad Lady Cotton nee Anne Houghton and sonDining Rm

The figures are rather stiff but I do like the botanical detail of the garden and the statue of Artemis / Diana, ancient Greek / Roman goddess hunting, with her two dogs.

010 mad son cotton

The inscription:

011 mad portr cotton inscription

And here is Lady Cotton's husband.  His full-length standing portrait contains the drapery and also the infinite column, beloved of portraitists from the 17th to the 19th centuries (check out the column in the Victorian Fitzwilliam portrait, mentioned above).  The endless column goes right back to Titian.

Drapes and endless column were used to confer grandeur onto the sitter.

011mad portr cotton

The inscription:


And here a light reflection off the canvas to demonstrate how difficult it can be to take pictures of art work:

013 mad reflex

I found it impossible to photograph this portrait properly:  either there were reflections from the  window opposite, or I got a skewed view.

014 mad port cotton schraeg

You gotta admire the footwear, though.  Note the little tear in the canvas.

015 mad cotton foot

Up the stairs, down a corridor -- and what's behind this door?

016 mad Saloon door

The grand Saloon!

017 mad saloon

The tapestry was manufactured around 1660 by the Flemish firm of De Vos (based in Brussels).

018 mad tapestry Saloon Brussels c1660 firm of de Vos

Here we see woven lions and a kestrel (or falcon?) in a landscape, with fields and a windmill in the background -- hunting scenes for Madingley Hall which was used as a hunting lodge.  (Remember Diana in the portrait of Lady Cotton?)

019 mad tapestry cu

A bird flies across a white sky.

020 mad tapestry boat

A decorative border, and a bowl of summer fruit.

021 mad tapestry fruit

More art above the Saloon's fireplace:

022 mad putto mantle
Detail from the Martyrdom of St Livinus, copy after Rubens, possibly painted by Balthasar Denner, 1720s

Initially,  I thought:  what a charming roundel, what cute fat putti.

023 mad putto Saloon Martyrdom of St Livinius copy by poss Balthasar Denner 1720s after Rubens c1635 Brussels

Then I found out that the scene showed a detail from Rubens' painting of the martyrdom of St Livinus of Ghent.  This Irish-born saint went to Flanders where he was killed by some heathens who cut off his tongue and his head.

Pretty gruesome stuff.  The Madingley Hall roundel shows a harmless detail.  The rest of Rubens' painting is hideously violent:

Peter Paul Rubens, The Martyrdom of St Livinus, 1633, Royal Museums of Art, Brussels
Source of image:  Wikimedia Commons, PD-Art

Note the man with the amazing red hat who holds tongs with the saint's severed tongue, about to feed it to a dog.

But let's end on a peaceful note:  this is the view out of a stone-mullioned window in the Saloon.  Outside, we see the lovely landscape art of Lancelot 'Capability' Brown, the famous garden architect who designed Madingley Gardens in the mid-18th century.

024 mad window Saloon stone mullions stained glass roundels w arms of kings queens England end 19th C lsc Capability Brown mid 18thc

And that's where I went next:  the Gardens.

Blog post on the Madingley Gardens to follow soon!

Have a lovely Thursday.


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